The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced, on November 1, the results of the FY 2012 General Survey of Working Conditions. The aim of the general survey was to clarify working conditions, such as working hours, mandatory retirement ages and wage systems in private companies in main industries in Japan. The survey targeted private companies with 30 or more full-time workers. Replies were received from 4,355 companies about their working conditions as of January 1, 2012.
Main Survey Results
(1) Normal working hours and weekly day-off systems
The average normal working hours per day were 7 hours and 44 minutes per company (7 hours and 43 minutes in the previous year) and the normal working hours per worker were 7 hours and 45 minutes.
Concerning weekly day-off systems, 88.7% of the companies replied that they had "some kind of a five-day workweek system" (85.5% in the previous year) and 45% of the companies replied that they had a "complete five-day work week system" (42.8% in the previous year).
(2) Total annual holidays and annual paid leaves
The average total number of annual holidays was 106.9 days per company (106.1 days in the previous year) and 113.5 days per worker (113 days in the previous year). Furthermore, the average number of annual paid leaves granted by companies in fiscal 2011 (excluding paid leaves carried over from the year before) was 18.3 days per worker (17.9 days in the previous year), of which workers actually took an average of 9.0 days (8.6 days in the previous year). Thus, the rate of the paid leaves which workers actually took was 49.3% (48.1% in the previous year).
Mandatory Retirement and Wage Systems
(1) Mandatory retirement system and retirement age
The ratio of the companies which adopted a mandatory retirement system was 92.2% (92.9% in the previous year), of which 98.8% (98.9% in the previous year) adopted a uniform or across-the-board system and 1.0% (the same in the previous year) fixed it by occupation. Of the companies which adopted a uniform or across-the-board mandatory retirement system, the mandatory retirement age was fixed at the age of 65 or over in 14.5% of the companies (14.0% in the previous year) and at the age of 60 in 82.7% of the companies.
(2) Wage system
The factors which determine basic wages were "performance of responsibilities and job evaluation" for managerial personnel in 72.5% of the companies and "ability to perform duties" for non-managerial personnel in 68.7% of the companies.
As to the factors for determined bonuses, more than half of the companies that paid bonuses in fiscal 2011 regarded "achievements and results of the companies" as the main factor of the bonuses.