FY 2019 Seminar on the Prevention of Industrial Disputes
On August 7 JILAF held the 7th Seminar on the Prevention of Industrial Disputes on the theme of “Achieving Social and Economic Development and the Stability of Workers’ Lives Through the Establishment of Constructive Industrial Relations.” Representatives of trade unions in India, which has a notable presence of Japanese companies, representative of trade unions and an employers’ organization in Mongolia, where the rise in the entry of Japanese companies is also striking, and a researcher who has conducted a survey of human resource management in Japanese companies in India, were invited to the seminar, which was attended by a total of 58 people, including also representatives of trade unions, companies, and the government in Japan.
After an address on behalf of the organizers by JILAF President Hiroyuki Nagumo, the participants heard reports from India and Mongolia on the present state of industrial disputes and efforts to prevent them, as well as the general labour situation in those countries.
A speaker from India spoke about the causes of industrial disputes in multinational companies in particular and made suggestions for the prevention of disputes. A speaker from Mongolia reported on the causes of industrial disputes and their settlement and the involvement of trade unions and the employers’ organization in the settlement of disputes. Speakers from both countries emphasized the need for multinational companies to protect the rights of workers in the same way that they do in their own countries and to obey the laws of other countries in which they operate. In addition, a speaker from India stressed the importance of trade unions in multinational companies and trade unions in countries of entry sharing information and experiences relating to working conditions, improvement of the workplace environment, and so on through mutual exchange and of training for labour-related persons on both the labour and management side.
The researcher reported on the results of a survey of human resource management in India that could help to prevent industrial disputes. In particular, the researcher stressed that the clarification of accountability in human resource management and thorough dialogue could help to prevent industrial disputes.
After these reports, there was a question-and-answer and discussion session, including questions from the floor, with JILAF Director General Takao Yasunaga acting as coordinator. As well as exchanges to deepen understanding of the reports, the questions and answer were wide-ranging. The coordinator wrapped up the proceedings by stressing the hopes of the participating countries for more human resource management by Japanese companies operating there and more support from Japanese trade unions.
Finally, JILAF Executive Director Masayuki Shiota summarized the main points made in the seminar concerning the prevention of industrial disputes and noted that such seminars can contribute to the achievement of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) toward the realization of sustainable development by 2030. The seminar ended with a request for participation in an international symposium to be held by JILAF in November.