JILAF, together with the Pakistan Workers’ Federation (PWF), held an industrial relations and labour policy seminar titled “Globalization and the Building of Constructive Industrial Relations in Pakistan” in Rawalpindi on the outskirts of Islamabad on September 23–24. The seminar was attended by about 60 PWF-affiliated union members from around the country and also PWF President Ajab Khan, PWF Secretary General Zahoor Awan, Assistant Deputy Minister Muhammad of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Employers’ Federation of Pakistan (EFP) President Khawaja Nauman, and Director Francesco d’Ovidio of the Pakistan Office of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
On the first day of the seminar the participants learned about the current issues facing workers, with discussions focusing on such topics as “Globalization and the Economy and Employment in Pakistan,” “Multinational Companies in Pakistan and the OECD Guidelines,” “Industrial Relations after the 18th Constitutional Revision: Toward the Prevention of Labour-Management Disputes,” and “Social and Economic Development and the Social Role of the Labour Movement.”
In the globalizing economy the situation surrounding Pakistan is severe. In fiscal 2012 the ratio of investment to gross domestic product in Pakistan was the lowest among South Asian countries at just 12.5%. Domestic problems, such as the deteriorating public security, lack of electric power, weak governance, and fiscal deficit, are the main reason and are holding back direct investment from overseas.
The participants also raised issues, such as the neglect of workers’ rights by multinational companies in special economic zones, nonpayment of wages, and nonobservance of labour legislation by companies.
In response, JILAF Executive Director Hisashige Danno, while mentioning the revival of Asia under globalization and the growth potential of Pakistan, which has a population of about 190 million people, explained the need for a labour movement linked to the improvement of national life.
JILAF Executive Director Danno also pointed out that trade union leaders have a strong responsibility to play a role in Pakistan’s development and that efforts toward political stability and proposals to the government, employers’ organizations, and others on such issues as industrial policy, employment and labour policy, and social security policy in order to create jobs are urgent.
|09/23||Tue||Industrial relations seminar (day 1):|
“Social and Economic Development and the Social Role of the Labour Movement”
“Globalization and the Economy and Employment in Pakistan”
“Multinational Companies in Pakistan and the OECD Guidelines”
“Industrial Relations after the 18th Constitutional Revision: Toward the Prevention of Labour-Management Disputes”
|09/24||Wed||Industrial relations seminar (day 2):|
Panel discussions on “industrial relations and the prevention of labour-management disputes,” “economic and industrial policy,” and “employment policy”; mutual discussions; etc.