Cambodia-Myanmar Team

Exchange of Views on Labour Situation meeting, (at Ochanomizu University)

 JILAF invited 13 persons (of whom 5 were women) from Cambodia and Myanmar to visit Japan from July 2 to 15.

  In terms of the labour movement, these two countries are at almost the same development stage, and the participants showed an eagerness, through exchange with Japanese trade union members, to acquire information about industrial relations, legislative information, and other issues in Japan so as to prevent meaningless industrial disputes and achieve employment stability through the building of constructive industrial relations.

In the first half of the program, they heard lectures on the role and issues of the Japanese labour movement and trade union leadership. Also, in a lecture on labour and social security legislation supporting the labour movement, they heard about and discussed labour-related laws and regulations, such as the Labour Standards Act and Trade Union Act, and the social security system.

In the visit to RENGO (Japanese Trade Union Confederation), the Department of International Affairs gave an explanation of the organization and priority activities of the RENGO headquarters, and the Department of Working Conditions gave a lecture about the minimum wage. At the Japan Productivity Center, the participants were given a lecture on the three guiding principles of productivity, Japanese-style industrial relations, and future issues.

JILAF also organized an expanded version of the Exchange of Views on Labour Situation meeting with the participation of a total of 70 persons, including 42 students and others from Ochanomizu University, Rikkyo University, and Waseda University, as well as JILAF officials and the invited team members. JILAF officials had visited the universities concerned beforehand, and their lectures to students there paid off at the meeting in the form of lively questions and answers. On the Cambodian side, the invited members reported that (1) the existing social security system consists of two elements, industrial accident compensation insurance and health insurance; (2) studies have begun on the operation of a pension system; (3) the labour law is not applicable to informal-sector workers; (4) trade union formation requires registration with the government; and (5) the Ministry of Labour conducts arbitration when industrial disputes arise. On the Myanmar side, the invited members reported that (1) the trade union law has been applied since 2012, so gradually it has become possible to form basic, local, regional, and industrial organizations, and (2) punishment for violating the labour law consists only of fines.

In the regional RENGO program, the participants visited RENGO Kagoshima, where they were given an outline of the organization, issues currently being faced, and its efforts to expand organization. Discussions focused on such topics as the content of consultations received by RENGO and the specific response to foreign workers. On their second day in Kagoshima, the participants visited a plant of Ohkuchi Electronics Co., Ltd., where they received a lecture on life and steel, the work of a steel factory, and the history of steel and then inspected the facilities.

In the workplace visit, the participants went to Kokko Rengo (Japan Public Sector Union), where they received a lecture on its founding objectives, membership, and other topics. They learned that in view of their special position and the public nature of their work, there are restrictions on the basic labour rights of public-sector workers in Japan. Instead, they were told, public-sector workers enjoy statutory working conditions and wage recommendations by the National Personnel Authority and Personnel Commission, and the wages of national public-sector workers exert a significant impact on the private sector.

In the discussions with JILAF officials, which lent support to their understanding, the participants received suggestions and asked questions about mainly the importance of social dialogue and tripartism. After that, the participants proposed mainly the following action plans:
*Want to share understanding of the importance of organization and promote organization. (Cambodia)
*Want to conclude labour agreements and improve labour-management relations. (Cambodia)
*Want to publicize investments and promote the necessary legislation in order to create labour banks. (Cambodia)
*Want to strengthen and enhance labour laws in order to reduce the number of industrial disputes. (Myanmar)
*Want to establish an employment insurance system (unemployment benefits). (Myanmar)

List of Organization That Cooperated in the Visit

Cambodia-Myanmar Team Participants

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

1.NameMs.Chanthorn Roeun
 Name of organizationCambodian Alliance of Trade Unions(CATU)
 PositionVice President
 Union experience20

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

2.NameMr.Samith Mai
 Name of organizationYCT Garment Factory
 PositionPresident
 Union experience5

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

3.NameMr.Senghong Leng
 Name of organizationCambodian Alliance of Trade Unions (CATU)
 PositionVice-Financial Officer
 Union experience20

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

4.NameMr.Say Seyha
 Name of organizationCambodian Confederation of Trade Unions(CCTU)
 PositionMember
 Union experience12

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

5.NameMs.Raksmey Chuonmomthl
 Name of organizationCombodian Labour Confederation(CLC)
 PositionAssistant President
 Union experience5

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

6.NameMr.Yot Siang
 Name of organizationCombodian Labour Confederation(CLC)
 PositionLegal Officer
 Union experience7

ITUC Cambodian Council(ITUC-CC)

7.NameMr.Choeurn Heng
 Name of organizationCombodian Labour Confederation(CLC)
 PositionPresident
 Union experience8

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

8.NameMs.San San Win
 Name of organizationSu See Chan Thar Carton Box basic worker Organization
 PositionTreasurer
 Union experience3

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

9.NameMs.Soe Nwe Oo
 Name of organizationMac Do Wig factory basic worker Organization
 PositionPresident
 Union experience3

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

10.NameMr.Wai Yan Shine
 Name of organizationGarment factory basic worker Organization
 PositionTreasurer
 Union experience3

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

11.NameMr.Aung Naing Tun
 Name of organizationAlpine Purified Drinking water factory basic worker Organization
 Positionsecretary
 Union experience4

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

12.NameMr.Soe Thu
 Name of organizationAsahi Blue Mountain basic worker Organization
 PositionPresident
 Union experience3

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

13.NameMs.Sandar Soe
 Name of organizationConfederation of Trade Unions Myanmar Research and Database Department
 PositionAssistant
 Union experience6

Conderation of Trade Unions-Myanmar(CTUM)

14.NameAung Ko Ko
 Name of organizationShwe Young Myo Sett basic worker Organization
 PositionMember
 Union experience3

Photos of Participants

Visit to RENGO

Exchange of Views on Labour Situation meeting

Visit to Ohkuchi Electronics Co., Ltd.

Visit to UA Zensen Kagoshima

Visit to the Chuo Labour Bank

Visit to Kokko Rengo