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No.173(2014/11/26)
Women Account for Nearly 70% of Nonregular Workers
Employed in Japan's Private Sector

Regular workers earn average of 4.73 million yen a year, up 1.2%; nonregular workers earn average of 1.68 million yen a year, down 0.1%
According to the results of a survey of private-sector wages released by the National Tax Agency in September, the number of private-sector wage earners employed throughout the whole year in 2013 was 46.45 million persons, up 2.0%, or 900,000 persons, over the previous year. Their average annual wage was 4.14 million yen, up 1.4%, or 560,000 yen, year-on-year. By gender, the number of men was 27,54 million persons (up 1.0%, or 270,000 persons), and the number of women was 18.92 million persons (up 3.4%, or 630,000 persons). The average annual wage was 5.11 million yen for men (up 1.9%, or 93,000 yen) and 2.72 million yen for women (up 1.4%, or 37,000 yen). In terms of numbers, therefore, the rate of increase was higher for women; but in terms of average annual wage, the increase rate was higher for men.
By regular and nonregular status, the average annual wage was 4.73 million yen for regular workers (up 1.2%, or 54,000 yen) but only 1.68 million yen for nonregular workers (down 0.1%, or 2,000 yen). While the average annual wage of regular workers increased, that of nonregular workers noticeably decreased. By gender, for regular workers, the average annual wage was 5.27 million yen for men (up 1.2%) and 3.56 million yen for women (up 1.9%), while for nonregular workers it was 2.25 million yen for men (down 0.4%) and 1.43 million yen for women (down 0.2%).

Ratio of women much higher among nonregular workers (69.8%) than regular workers (31.4%)
The total number of regular wage earners was 30.56 million persons (up 1.5%). By gender, there were 20.95 million men (up 0.7%) and 9.60 million women (up 3.1%), so the ratio of women was 31.4%. The total number of nonregular wage earners was 10.40 million persons (up 5.3%). By gender, there were 3.14 million men (up 6.8%) and 7.26 million women (up 4.6%), so the ratio of women among nonregular workers was much higher at 69.8%. The survey revealed that many women are employed as nonregular workers with low wage levels.

Average Annual Wage
  Men
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Women
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Total
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
2012 5,020 -0.4 2,678 0 4,080 -0.2
2013 5,113 1.9 2,715 1.4 4,136 1.4
Average Annual Wage (of Regular Workers)
  Men
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Women
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Total
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
2012 5,205 - 3,496 - 4,676 -
2013 5,266 1.2 3,561 1.9 4,730 1.2
Average Annual Wage (of Nonregular Workers)
  Men
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Women
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
Total
(1,000 yen)
Year-on-year
change (%)
2012 2,255 - 1,436 - 1,680 -
2013 2,245 -0.4 1,433 -0.2 1,678 -0.1

Source: Compiled from "Results of Survey on Private-Sector Wages," National Tax Agency.

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