Industrial production appears sluggish at a low level due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, but it is expected to recover gradually.
Industrial production in April increased 1.0% over the previous month, registering an increase for the first time in two months. It showed a decrease of 14.0% from the previous year. The index in April was 83.5 (seasonally adjusted).
Industries that mainly contributed to the increase were as follows: (1) general machinery, (2) other manufacturing, and (3) electrical machinery, in that order.
Commodities that mainly contributed to the increase were as follows: (1) parts and accessories of steam turbines, (2) semiconductor products machinery, and (3) analytical instruments, in that order.
According to the Survey of Production Forecast in Manufacturing, production was expected to increase 8.0% in May and also to rise 7.7% in June.
Family Income and Expenditure Survey in April
(1) Expenditure for two-or-more-person households
The average monthly consumption expenditure per two-or-more-person household for April was 292,559 yen, down 2.5% in nominal terms and down 3.0% in real terms from the same month in the previous year.
(2) Income and expenditures for workers' households
The average monthly income per household stood at 454,433 yen, down 4.3% in nominal terms and down 4.8% in real terms from the same month in the previous year.
The average monthly consumption expenditure per household was 324,744 yen, down 2.1% in nominal terms and down 2.6% in real terms from the previous year.
Labour Force Survey Monthly Results
Since March 2011, labour force survey results for the whole of Japan have been published excluding the three prefectures that suffered the most damage in the disaster (Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima). Therefore, the time series data for the whole of Japan has not been connected to past series.
For comparison, retroactive data (from January 2009 through February 2011) are also shown in the tables below. "Change from previous year" indicates differences between data excluding the three prefectures.
The number of employed persons in April 2011 was 59.94 million, an increase of 70,000, or 0.1%, over the previous year.
The number of unemployed persons in April 2011 was 3.09 million, a decrease of 300,000, or 8.8%, from the previous year.
The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 4.7%.
| (10,000 persons)
||Change from previous year
|Population aged 15 years or over
|Not in labour force
|Labour force participation rate (%)
|Employment rate (%)
|Unemployment rate, original series (%)
||Change from previous month(%)
|Unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted (%)
According to a separate report released by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, job availability did not improve very much in April, with the ratio of job offers to job seekers standing at 0.61, down 0.02 points from the previous month. This figure means that there were 61 jobs available for every 100 job seekers.
The consumer price index for Japan in April 2011 was 99.9 (2005=100), up 0.3% over the previous month and up 0.3% over the previous year.